There follows an outline of what should be done on the day of the childs birth, and after that:
Among the Sunnahs for welcoming the newborn, the scholars mentioned that the Adhan should be recited into the babys right ear so that the first thing he hears in this world will be the words of Tawhid, which will have a great and blessed effect on the child.
This means to soften a date and then rub the palate of the new-born with it just after the birth or soon after. This is done by putting a piece of the softened date on the finger and rubbing it from left to right in the mouth of the baby.
The baby may be named on the day of it’s birth or later on the seventh day or past the seventh day, as this is what is clear after study of all the evidences from the sunnah.
The name should carry a good and praiseworthy meaning as the Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said,
“On the Day of Resurrection, you will be called by your names and your fathers names, so make your names good.” [Abu Dawud]
After the seventh day of the arrival of the new-born, as a form of welcome for it and to give thanks to the One who gave the blessings, it is prescribed to slaughter a sheep. The Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said,
“Every child is in pledge for its Aqiqah which is sacrificed for it on its seventh day, and it is named on it, and its head is shaved” [Abu Dawud]
If the new-born is a boy then two sheep are to be sacrificed, and if it is a girl then one sheep. This is the position of the majority of the scholars and Companions. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,
“For the boy two equal sheep, and for the girl, a single sheep.”
It is also permissible to offer the Aqiqah any time after the seventh day.
It is prescribed that the boy be circumcised, it is recommended that the circumcision take place on the seventh day, but it is obligatory to circumcise before the boy reaches puberty.
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